Encl. (1) to COMDTINST 3500.3
Define the Mission or Task: To accomplish this step review current and
planned operations, describing the mission at hand. The commander defines
what is required to accomplish the tasks and the conditions under which to
conduct them. To assist with this step, construct a list or chart
depicting the operation's major phases or steps in the job process,
normally in time sequence. Break down the operation into "bite-size"
Identify Hazards: Using the list or chart formulated in Step 1, list the
hazards associated with each phase of the operation or step in the job
process. Potential failures, i.e., things that could go wrong, encompass
equipment or operational problems both internal and external to the unit.
Looking at each element of the "PEACE" model (Planning, Event complexity,
Asset selection, Communications, and Environmental conditions) will ensure
effective hazard identification in each of these three main categories:
Equipment: Is the equipment functioning properly and will it do so
throughout the planned evolution?
Environment: How will weather, geographic influences, physical
barriers, workplace climate, and available light effect the event?
Personnel: Are personnel properly trained and capable of handling
the mission's demands? Are they fatigued, complacent, or suffering
from physical or mental stress?
The key to successfully analyzing risk is to carefully define the hazards
and identify and evaluate safeguards. In brainstorming sessions, asking
the question "What if?" is an excellent tool to help identify all
potential hazards. Specific hazard identification is important, since it
leads to assessing risk more accurately and subsequently developing risk
control options or safeguards more thoroughly. When identifying a hazard,
state what it is, and further, describe the cause of potential exposure to
that hazard, since that will help identify risk controls or safeguards
later in the process.
Assess the Risks: Consider risk applicable to the unit and the mission.
Determine individual risk levels for each hazard identified. Assess risk
by evaluating specific elements or factors, that, when combined, define
risk. Two models that assess risk for these hazards are the Severity,
Probability, and Exposure (SPE) and the Green, Amber, and Red (GAR)
models. They differ in how they look at the hazards identified in Step 2
of the ORM process.