Encl. (1) to COMDTINST 3500.3
option's impact on mission and unit goals and select the perceived best
alternative or combination of alternatives. Mission priority and time
criticality often drive option choice. Risk control options include:
Spread out, Transfer, Avoid, Accept, and Reduce (STAAR). Spread Out: Risk commonly is spread out by
increasing either the exposure distance or the time between exposures.
Transfer: Transferring risk does not
or severity but
rather shifts possible losses or costs to another entity.
Avoid: Avoiding risk altogether requires canceling or delaying the job,
mission, or operation, but this option is rarely exercised due to mission
importance. However, it may be possible to avoid specific risks, e.g.,
avoid risks associated with a night operation by planning the operation
Accept: Accept risk when the benefits clearly outweigh the costs, but only
as much as necessary to accomplish the mission or task.
Reduce: Risk can be reduced. The overall goal of risk management is to
plan missions or design systems that do not contain hazards. However, the
nature of most complex operations and systems makes it impossible or
impractical to design them completely hazard-free. As we analyze hazards,
we will identify those requiring resolution. To be effective, risk
management strategies must address risk's components: severity,
probability, and exposure.
Using protective devices, engineering controls, and personal protective
equipment usually helps control severity.
Training, situational awareness, attitude change, rest, and stress
Reducing the number of people involved or the number of events, cycles,
or evolutions usually helps control exposure.
Evaluate Risk vs. Gain: Analyze the operation's degree of risk with the
proposed controls in place. Determine whether the operation's benefits
now exceed the degree of risk the operation presents. Be sure to consider
the cumulative risk of all identified hazards and the decision's long-term
consequences. This step also serves as a reality check to verify the
objective still is valid.
If the risk's costs outweigh the benefits, re-examine the control
options to learn whether any new or modified controls are available.
If not, inform the next level in the chain of command the mission's
risk, based on the evaluation, exceeds the benefits and should be